The Moral Economy of Health Care in Thailand
"The Moral Economy of Health Care in Thailand"
Thursday, 5 July 2012, 5pm to 6pm
Pentecost Building, Room 317
Speaker: Bo Kyeong Seo, PhD Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Australian National University
Since the universal health coverage scheme has been adopted in Thailand with the aim of providing access to care for the uninsured population, this national policy has proven its merit and popularity both in the sphere of public health and national politics. How is the right to health translated and instantiated by everyday practices of care and treatment? How does the norm of universality contend with profound socio-economic inequalities in the local population which includes a large number of non-citizens? How does the obligation of the state to provide health care for the poor resonate with dominant political ideologies in Thailand? The analysis of the moral economy in a public hospital reveals middle grounds of political struggles which are enmeshed with shared and contested ideas on control, rights, obligations, reciprocity and justice. Rather than its disciplinary and regulatory impacts on the population, the values and meanings attached to health care define the scope of biopolitics in contemporary Thailand. In this paper, I drawn on findings from ethnographic research conducted in a community hospital in Chiang Mai that approached the community hospital as a care-nexus. The three different designations of the universal health coverage – samsip bat raksa tuk lok, bat theong, lak prakan sukhaphap tuan na - reflect competing norms and sources of political authority to set the boundaries of the universal, the imagined moral community. In the community hospital bureaucracy, on the other hand, the scope of care is contingent on continuous, concrete and specific interpersonal ties between patients, medical staff and institutions including the state. Consequently, biopolitics in contemporary Thailand is constituted in two ways: as the flexible aggregation of marginal subjects into the recipients of the sovereign gift of care, and as the bodily allegiance to the shifting moral and economic order of caring for life.
Note: This event will be conducted in English.
FREE AND OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
South East Asian Institute of Global Studies
For more details, log onto: http://ic.payap.ac.th/pp/
Chiang Mai 50000, Thailand